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Sieve Comparison Table

ISO 565 1987              

DIN 4188 1977            

US Std/ASTM E-11-1987   

Tyler                  

BS 410 1986

m m

mm

US Mesh

Mesh

Equivalent BS Mesh

   

Inch

Inch  
    3" .    
    2".    
26,5 25 1.06" 1.05".  
25 22,4 1"    
22,4 20 7/8" 0.883"  
19 18 3/4" 0.742"  
16 16 5/8" 0.624"  
13,2 14 0.530"    
12,5 12,5 1/2 "    
11,2 11,2 7/16" 0.441"  
9,5 10 3/8" 0.371"  
  9      
      Mesh  
8 8 5/16" 2.5  
6,7 7,1 0.265" 3  
6,3 6,3

1/4"

   
   

Mesh

   

5,6

5,6

3

3.5

3

4,75

5

4   3
 

4,5

     
4 4 5 5 4
3,35 3,55 6   5
  3,15      
2,8 2,8 7   6
2,36 2,5 8 8 7
  2,24      
2 2 10   8
1,7 1,8 12 10 10
  1,6      
1,4 1,4 14 12 12
1,18 1,25 16 14 14
  1,12      
1 1,0 18 16 16
Microns (m) Microns (m)      
850 900     18
  800 20 20  
710 710 25 24 22
  630      
600   30 28 25
  560      
500 500 35 32 30
  450      
425 430 40 35 36
  400      
355 355 45 42 44
  315      
300   50 48 52
  280      
250 250 60 60 60
212 224 70 65 72
  200      
180 180 80 80 85
  160      
150   100   100
  140      
125 125 120 115 120
106 112 140 150 150
  100      
90 90 170 170 170
  80      
75   200 200 200
  71      
63 63 230 250 240
53 56 270 270 300
  50      
45 45 325 325 350
38 40 400 400 400
  36      
32 32 450 450 440
25 25 500 500  
20 20 635 635  
16 16      
10 10      

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MARKET GRADE WIRE CLOTH

MARKET GRADE WIRE CLOTH is woven utilising moderate wire diameters resulting in a high strength square mesh cloth, suitable for general purpose screening. Market Grade wire cloth is woven  in Steel, Stainless Steel, Phosphor Bronze, Bronze, Brass, Copper, Aluminium, Monel and Nickel.

Meshes Per
Linear Inch

Diameter of Wire

Width of Opening

Open Area

Inches

mm

Inches

mm

2 Mesh

0.063

1.60

0.437

11.10

76.4%

3 Mesh

0.054

1.37

0.279

7.09

70.1%

4 Mesh

0.047

1.19

0.203

5.16

65.9%

5 Mesh

0.041

1.04

0.159

4.04

63.2%

6 Mesh

0.035

0.89

0.132

3.35

62.7%

8 Mesh

0.028

0.71

0.097

2.46

60.2%

10 Mesh

0.025

0.64

0.075

1.91

56.3%

12 Mesh

0.023

0.584

0.060

1.52

51.8%

14 Mesh

0.020

0.508

0.051

1.30

51.0%

16 Mesh

0.018

0.457

0.0445

1.13

50.7%

18 Mesh

0.017

0.432

0.0386

0.98

48.3%

20 Mesh

0.016

0.406

0.0340

0.86

46.2%

22 Mesh

0.015

0.381

0.0305

0.78

45.0%

24 Mesh

0.014

0.356

0.0277

0.70

44.2%

30 Mesh

0.013

0.330

0.0203

0.52

37.1%

35 Mesh

0.011

0.279

0.0176

0.45

37.9%

40 Mesh

0.010

0.254

0.0150

0.38

36.0%

45 Mesh

0.0095

0.241

0.0127

0.32

32.7%

50 Mesh

0.009

0.229

0.0110

0.28

30.3%

60 Mesh

0.008

0.203

0.0087

0.22

27.2%

70 Mesh

0.007

0.178

0.0073

0.19

26.1%

80 Mesh

0.0055

0.140

0.0070

0.18

31.4%

90 Mesh

0.005

0.127

0.0061

0.16

30.1%

100 Mesh

0.0045

0.114

0.0055

0.14

30.3%

110 Mesh

0.004

0.102

0.0051

0.129

31.4%

120 Mesh

0.0037

0.094

0.0046

0.1168

30.7%

150 Mesh

0.0026

0.066

0.0041

0.1041

37.4%

200 Mesh

0.0021

0.054

0.0029

0.0737

33.6%

325 Mesh

0.0014

0.036

0.0017

0.043

30.0%

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MILL GRADE SCREEN CLOTH

Mill Grade is wire cloth woven of lighter wire diameters than Market Grade, providing a greater percentage of screen cloth open area.

Meshes Per Linear Inch

Diameter of Wire

Width of Opening

Open Area

Inches

mm

Inches

mm

2 Mesh

0.0540"

1.37

0.446"

11.33

79.6%

3 Mesh

0.0410"

1.04

0.292"

7.42

76.7%

4 Mesh

0.0350"

0.89

0.215"

5.46

74.0%

5 Mesh

0.0320"

0.81

0.168"

4.27

70.6%

6 Mesh

0.0280"

0.71

0.139"

3.53

69.6%

7 Mesh

0.0280"

0.71

0.115"

2.92

64.8%

8 Mesh

0.0250"

0.64

0.100"

2.54

64.0%

9 Mesh

0.0230"

0.58

0.088"

2.24

62.7%

10 Mesh

0.0200"

0.51

0.080"

2.03

64.0%

12 Mesh

0.0180"

0.457

0.065"

1.65

60.8%

14 Mesh

0.0170"

0.432

0.054"

1.37

57.2%

16 Mesh

0.0160"

0.406

0.0465"

1.18

55.4%

18 Mesh

0.0150"

0.381

0.0406"

1.03

53.4%

20 Mesh

0.0140"

0.356

0.0360"

0.91

51.8%

22 Mesh

0.0135"

0.343

0.0320"

0.81

49.6%

24 Mesh

0.0130"

0.330

0.0287"

0.73

47.4%

26 Mesh

0.0110"

0.279

0.0275"

0.70

51.1%

28 Mesh

0.0100"

0.254

0.0257"

0.65

51.8%

30 Mesh

0.0095"

0.241

0.0238"

0.61

51.0%

32 Mesh

0.0090"

0.229

0.0223"

0.57

50.9%

34 Mesh

0.0090"

0.229

0.0204"

0.52

48.1%

36 Mesh

0.0090"

0.229

0.0188"

0.48

45.8%

38 Mesh

0.0085"

0.216

0.0178"

0.45

45.8%

40 Mesh

0.0085"

0.216

0.0165"

0.42

43.6%

45 Mesh

0.0080"

0.203

0.0142"

0.36

40.8%

50 Mesh

0.0075"

0.191

0.0125"

0.32

39.1%

55 Mesh

0.0070"

0.178

0.0112"

0.28

37.9%

60 Mesh

0.0065"

0.165

0.0102"

0.26

37.5%

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FINE MESH WIRE CLOTH TWILLED WEAVES

Meshes Per Linear Inch

Diameter of Wire

Width of Opening

Percent Open Area

Inches

mm

Inches

mm

110 Mesh

0.0045"

0.114

0.0046"

0.1168

25.6%

120 Mesh

0.0040"

0.102

0.0043"

0.1092

26.8%

130 Mesh

0.0038"

0.097

0.0039"

0.0991

25.6%

140 Mesh

0.0033"

0.084

0.0038"

0.0965

28.6%

150 Mesh

0.0030"

0.076

0.0037"

0.0940

30.4%

160 Mesh

0.0028"

0.071

0.0035"

0.0889

30.8%

170 Mesh

0.0026"

0.066

0.0033"

0.0838

31.2%

180 Mesh

0.0025"

0.064

0.0031"

0.0787

30.6%

200 Mesh

0.0023"

0.059

0.0027"

0.0686

29.1%

230 Mesh

0.0018"

0.046

0.0025"

0.0647

34.3%

250 Mesh

0.0016"

0.041

0.0024"

0.0610

36.0%

270 Mesh

0.0016"

0.041

0.0021"

0.0533

32.2%

300 Mesh

0.0015"

0.038

0.0018"

0.0457

29.7%

325 Mesh

0.0014"

0.036

0.0017"

0.0432

30.7%

400 Mesh

0.0010"

0.026

0.0015"

0.0381

36.0%

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DICTIONARY

absolute micron retention In both types of Dutch weave the sum derived from multiplying the number of weft wires in a given measurement by their diameter, results, in theory, in a specification with no open space. Because the wires are driven together during the weaving process, the aperture size cannot be calculated in the normal manner.

There are two methods by which the aperture size can be determined: bubble point testing and glass bead testing.

See-"bubble point test" See-"glass bead test"

ACS American Chemical Society.
AICHE American Institute of Chemical Engineers
AIME American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers.
anneal A heat-treating process in which the steel is heated to some elevated temperature, usually at or near the critical range and held at this temperature for a period of time, then cooled, usually at a slow rate.

Annealing is employed (1) to soften steel for secondary machining or forming processes; (2) to alter ductility, toughness, electrical or magnetic characteristics or other physical properties; (3) to refine the crystal structure; (4) to produce grain reorientation; or (5) to relieve stresses and hardness resulting from weaving (cold working).

annealed after Wire cloth or wire mesh which is annealed after the weaving process.
annealed wire Wire which has been cold-drawn to reduce its diameter is often annealed to reduce strength and increase elongation to facilitate weaving.
ANSI American National Standards Institute.
aperture The clear opening between wires on a wire mesh screening surface.
ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials.

ASTM E-11 is the standard most widely used in North America. The opening is defined by a number (number 635 (20 m) to number 3-1/2 (5.6 mm)) or is defined in inches (1/4 in. (6.3 mm) to 5 in. (125 mm)).

AWCI American Wire Cloth Institute.
A.W.G. American Standard Wire Gauge.
AWS American Welding Society.
backing cloth Wire mesh or wire cloth which is utilised to provide support for a screen surface.
backing screen Wire mesh or wire cloth fabricated with or otherwise fastened to (from below) the primary screen surface. See-"support screen".
ball screen Wire mesh or wire cloth screen placed below the primary screen surface to retain rubber or steel balls or plastic discs which are set in motion by a vibrating screen deck.

Ball screens are utilised to reduce or prevent blinding or plugging.

blinding Filling in and clogging of the wire mesh openings (apertures) due to particle entrapment of the process material. The wire cloth becomes "blind" to the process flow.
BMT Abbreviation for "Broad Mesh Twilled Dutch Weave"
Bolting Cloth A group of industrial wire cloth specifications, woven in very smooth and durable stainless steel or monel in a plain square mesh pattern. Wire diameter is lighter than "mill grade", allowing a high percentage of open area. Bolting cloth is used for wet or dry sifting and separating.
bran duster cloth Plain weave steel wire cloth of medium mesh sizes produced in market grade diameters. Available in in roll widths of 24", 30", 36" and 48" for use in flour mills.
broadmesh In broad mesh specifications the warp wire is typically smaller in diameter than the weft wire.
BSI British Standardisation Institute
bubble point test The pressure required to pass air bubbles through the mesh (covered by a test liquid) is measured. The average aperture size is then calculated by taking into account surface tension, liquid density, temperature and immersion depth.

See- "absolute micron retention" See- "glass bead test"

B.W.G. Birmingham Wire Gauge.
calendered wire cloth Wire cloth that has been passed through a set of heavy rollers to reduce the thickness of the cloth or to flatten the wires at weave intersections providing a smooth surface.
Centrisieve Rotating conical screen   typical with a 125 micron screening plate in stainless steel or a finer steel cloth.
clear opening The space (aperture) between adjacent parallel wires
coarse mesh Wire cloth having a mesh count of 30 x 30 or less.
count The number of openings (apertures) in a lineal inch.See- "mesh".
cyclone screener Cylindrical stationary sieve with rotating paddles flinging the fines through the screen, while the overs leaves the cylinder opposite the inlet.
dewatering Separation of solids from liquids in which the solids are retained on the screen surface while the liquids pass through the screen (wire mesh or wire cloth) surface.
DIN German Institute for Standardisation
DTW Abbreviation for "Dutch Twilled Weave".
Duplex Weave This specification is similar to a Plain Dutch Weave except that two warp wires are used, rather than one.
Dutch Weave Wire mesh or filter cloth with warp wires larger than the shute wires. Warp wires remain straight while adjacent shute wires slightly overlap, resulting in a dense, strong material with small irregular, twisting passages that appear triangular in shape when viewing the material diagonally.

Dutch weaves have much lower flow rates and much higher particle retention than plain square weaves.

See - "Hollander Weave"

filter A device utilising filter media for particle retention for clarification of a liquid or gaseous fluids.
filter cloth Wire or synthetic cloth woven with a greater number of wires in one direction than the other, and utilising two different wire diameters. Filter cloth is woven in both plain and twill weave patterns. Also referred to as "Dutch Weave".
filtration The process of clarifying a fluid or gaseous liquid by the removal (retention) of solid particles
fine mesh Wire cloth having a mesh count greater than 90 x 90
fines The product passing the sieve. The overs is retained on the sieve.
flat belt vacuum filter Horizontal filter with a filter cloth moving discontinuously across a vacuum zone
flooding The effect created when the screen surface is unable to pass fluids through, in wet screening operations such as washing or dewatering., a result of blinding
Gauge A term referring to the measure of wire diameter. The Washburn & Moen Gauge is the standard in the manufacture of wire cloth in North America
glass bead test A suspension containing glass beads is passed through the mesh - the diameter of the largest bead passing through is considered as the absolute micron retention. See - "bubble point test"
Grizzly Screen Heavy screen cloth usually having a large opening size and made from large diameter high carbon or oil tempered wire or rod.
hard wire Wire which has been drawn down to a smaller diameter after the annealing process, increasing its unit strength and reducing its elongation.
Hardware Cloth A square mesh, general purpose galvanised-after plain weave wire cloth.. Made in one wire size only, one for each of several standard meshes.

Hardware Cloth is also available in welded construction.

Harp Screen Screen cloth with long slots, typically 12 inches or longer, for screening high volume tonnage containing a large amount of fines
Hollander Weave A description applied to woven wire cloth where the diameter of the warp and weft wires, and the mesh count in the warp and weft directions, are different. The wires are driven up much closer during the weaving process, thus producing a more densely compacted weave with small aperture sizes, without reducing the overall cloth thickness. Also referred to as "Dutch Weave".
HP Hollander Plain Weave.
HT Hollander Twill Weave.
Hydrocyclone A liquid-solids separation device utilising centrifugal force for settling.
ICW Inside clamping width
IWWA International Wire Weavers Association
inside dimension (ID) The distance measured between the inner edges of a formed screen panel. Also referred to as "ICW"
ISO The International Organisation for Standardisation is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (ISO member bodies).

ISO 4782 standard governs metal wire for industrial wire screens and woven wire cloth.

ISO 9044 standard governs industrial wire cloth.

KPZ Reverse Hollander Twill Weave.
long slot See - "slotted openings"
Market Grade A group of industrial wire cloth specifications suitable for general purpose screening applications, made of high strength square mesh cloth, available in several types of material. The wire diameters are moderately larger than "mill grade" , with a lower percentage of open area.
medium mesh Wire cloth having a mesh count of 30 x 30 to 90 x 90 inclusive
mesh no. This generally denotes the number of apertures in a length of 25.4mm (1"). While it is considered an obsolete designation, it is used extensively.
mesh Mesh designates the number of openings and fractional parts of an opening, per lineal inch. Mesh is determined by counting the number of openings from the centre of any wire to the centre of a parallel wire, one inch in distance.

When the point one inch distant from the centre of a wire falls between wires within an opening, the mesh count is expressed as a fraction.

micron One micron is equivalent to 0.001mm or 0.00003937 inches. The micron is the unit of measure in the metric system. It is frequently used when referring to the aperture size or particle-retention of filter cloth.
micron retention Micron retention is defined as the diameter of the largest round particles which can pass through a filter.
Micronic grades Finer mesh range of Dutch Weave cloth in meshes giving retention of 50 microns or finer.
Mill Grade Group of industrial wire cloth specifications with lighter wire diameters than "market grade". Standard wire diameters of this grade produce a medium percentage of open area.
Mud Screen A wire cloth screen panel fitted with hooks for tensioning installed on shale shakers.
non-ferrous alloys Non-pure metals containing no iron, such as copper, brass, aluminium, etc
OCW Outside clamping width
off count A mesh which has a greater number of wires per inch in one direction, usually the warp direction.
open area The ratio of open space area between the wires, to the total area of a given section of wire cloth, expressed as a percentage.

Open area % = (1-N*D)2 * 100, where N = Wires per inch or mesh and D = Wire diameter

opening The dimension between adjacent parallel wires, usually expressed in decimal parts of an inch.

Opening size = (1-(N*D))/N where N = Wires per inch or mesh and D = Wire diameter

See - "aperture" See - "space"

outside clamping width Outside dimension (overall) of hooked edges on a screen panel. Also referred to as "OCW".Most original equipment manufacturers recommend an OCW of 1" less than the clear clamping width between the vibrator side plates.
outside dimension The distance between the outside edges of a formed screen panel
overs The product retained on the sieve. The fines is passing the sieve.
particle retention The particle size that will be retained by a given mesh, usually expressed in microns.
pitch The distance between centres of two adjacent wires in millimetres.
pitting corrosion Localised corrosion resulting in small pits or craters in a metal surface.
Plain Weave Woven wire cloth in which each warp and each weft wire passes over one and under the next adjacent wire in both directions.
Plain Dutch Weave Dutch weave with each warp and shoot wire passing alternately over and under each successive wire.
plate, screening Screening plate is a thin stainless steel with etched perforation - preferably made as a profile screen with conical perforations.
plugging Near size particles trapped in screen apertures (openings) preventing passage of under size particles. See - "blinding"
porosity The fractional void volume of the mesh.
profile wire Wire that has been drawn into a "wedge" (tapered) shape, which becomes progressively narrower from top to bottom.
Profile Screen A screen panel made up of profile wires with openings that become progressively wider from top to bottom. This increases dewatering efficiency and aids in screening material which might otherwise blind a screen surface. Also referred to as "wedge wire screen".
PZ Reverse Hollander Plain Weave.
rectangular mesh Wire cloth having a different number of wires in the warp and shoot (shute) usually less in the shoot, producing rectangular openings. See - "off count".
retention The ability of wire cloth (wire mesh), as a filter medium, to prevent the passage of solids. It is expressed by the diameter, usually in microns, of the largest spherical solid particle that will normally pass through the screening surface.
RPD Abbreviation for "Reverse Plain Dutch Weave".
Reverse Plain Dutch Weave The arrangement of the warp and shute wire is reversed as compared to Plain Dutch Weave, providing a higher mesh count in the warp direction rather than the weft (shute) direction.
Rotary Screen See - "trommel screen".
Rotary vacuum filter Trommel with filter cloth and support rotating in a tray with product product. The product built up a pre-coat and the filtered product is cut off the rotating drum by a knife and the water is drawn to the interior of the filter drum by a vacuum.
RotoSieve Rotary screen
sieve Metric openings, in a fixed ratio, assigned by the U.S. Bureau of Standards, based upon the number 18 sieve having an opening on one millimetre (0.039370").

The relation of consecutive numbered sieves is as one to the fourth root of two (or for every fourth sieve ratio is as one to two). Sieve numbers are arbitrary numbers and have no direct relationship to the number of meshes per inch.

slotted openings Wire cloth (wire mesh) with rectangular openings which allows the maximum open area and tends to prevent blinding or plugging of material.

The warp mesh-count and wire size are indicated before the shoot (weft) mesh- count and wire size.

space The actual clear opening or space between the inside edges of two parallel wires.
Space Cloth Square mesh wire cloth which is designated by the width of the open space between the inside edges of two parallel wires.
SPW Abbreviation for "Single Plain Dutch Weave".
square mesh Wire cloth with the mesh count and wire diameter the same in both directions.
stranded weave A twilled weave with multiple wires in both warp and the weft.
strainer A fabricated assembly of woven wire cloth (wire mesh) designed for the removal of foreign particles from a stream of liquid or gas.
strainer cloth A plain weave off-count mesh cloth with a high percentage of open area.
support screen A heavy wire mesh utilised to support a finer mesh in filtration or straining.
S.W.G British Imperial Standard Wire Gauge.
Testing Sieve Fabricated circular frames available in stainless steel, brass or plastic fitted with wire mesh woven of brass, phosphor-bronze or stainless steel, having extremely accurate openings. Sieves are produced according to various standards, in the U.S. typically per ASTM E-11-70 in Europe according to DIN
Tinned Cloth Wire cloth (wire mesh) woven of wire that has been coated with tin before the weaving process. Tinned cloth is generally available in "mill grade" wire diameters.
TRD Abbreviation for "Twilled Reverse Dutch Weave"
Trommel Screen A screen panel which is rolled to cover a cylinder, typically fastened by bolts, clamps or straps
Tyler The W.S.Tyler Company, Cleveland Ohio.The Tyler company is the North American leader for Analytical Sieves of all sizes.Tyler had already standardized their sieves before ASTM, so in some cases, the Tyler number might be different than the ASTM number.
Twill Weave Woven wire cloth in which each weft wire passes successively over two and under two warp wires and each warp wire passes successively over and under two weft wires.
Twill Dutch Weave Each warp wire and each weft wire passes over and under the next to adjacent complementary wires, as in a normal "twill weave", except the warp wires are larger in diameter than the weft wires. This allows a greater mesh count in the weft direction.

This weave pattern enables the weft wires to be woven more densely, and much smaller aperture sizes can be achieved.

warp The wires running lengthways during weaving are referred to as WARP wires.
weft The wires that run across the width of the cloth are referred to as WEFT or shoot wires.
wire A solid wrought product that is long in relation to its cross section, which is square or rectangular with sharp or rounded corners or edges, or is round, a regular hexagon or a regular octagon, and whose diameter or greatest perpendicular distance between parallel faces (except for flattened wire) is less than 0.375 inch
wire cloth A general term for material woven from metallic wires.
wire diameter The diameter of wire before weaving.

 

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